-



























































:

:

堠  蠠 .

 

 ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ 蠠

頠 頠 頠 25.10.1917 .

ࠠ 頠 蠠 ⠠ 蠠 ࠠ ꠠ

. .. ࠠ 堠 ࠠ -

頠 , 頠 1905 1907 . 蠠 頠 蠠 1917 . 蠠 렠 ,  蠠 頠 頠 -

ࠠ 堠 , ࠠ ࠠ ⠠ , 蠠 .   蠠 -

ࠠ ࠠ ࠠ ࠠ ⠠ 堠 蠠 .

⠠ 蠠 ࠠ 䠠 젠 -

頠 蠠 () , ࠠ 頠

. ࠠ ࠠ 堠 -

ࠠ .

堠  ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ  ⠠ 頠 頠 頠 .   ࠠ

.  頠 頠 ࠠ 젠 젠 -

ࠠ 砠 . 3.03. 1918 . 렠 頠 , -

, 頠 - 頠 頠 .

蠠  , ⠠ 頠 . 堠 ꠠ 1917 . 頠 蠠 堠 ࠠ 䠠

- , 젠 -

.   1918 1920 . -

堠 ꠠ ⠠ 頠 , ꠠ 蠠 ꠠ - , , , , ,  . -

堠 頠 頠  . , ꠠ 蠠 1918 . 堠 蠠 堠 堠 ⠠ -

頠 蠠 ࠠ 蠠 ¾ 蠠 , ⠠ 堠 . ࠠ 頠 蠠 蠠 蠠 蠠 堠 : -

頠 , 堠 , -

 ࠠ 蠠 .

頠 蠠 頠 頠 -

堠   .  -

蠠 , ࠠ ࠠ , 堠  ,  堠 頠 蠠 頠 , .

1. 젠  蠠 堠  .

ࠠ 砠  ,  堠 -

3

堠 蠠 蠠 頠 -

頠 , ࠠ ࠠ 頠 蠠  .

ࠠ ࠠ 蠠 堠  -

ࠠ 蠠 .

堠 ⠠ 젠 堠  ʠ ꠠ 젠 軠  蠠  ࠠ -

堠 頠 蠠 ⠠ 蠠  , .. ࠠ ࠠ 堠 . 頠

렠 젠 젠 ⠠ 堠 10 . ࠠ 25.10. 1917 .

II 젠 젠 ⠠ 蠠 -

⠠ , , 蠠 ⠠ 5 . ࠠ 25 1917 . , 堠  ,  䠠 蠠 . 蠠 堠 ʠ 렠 젠  ,

蠠 젠 II  ࠠ -

⠠ 蠠 , 젠 ʠ ,

젠 ⠠ ʠ 蠠 ࠠ .

ʠ 렠 頠 , ࠠ 頠 ,

堠 젠 堠 , ⠠ , ࠠ 堠

蠠 頠 , ࠠ 蠠 堠 堠 .

堠 堠 ,   렠 ࠠ , ⠠ 頠 , ⠠ ,  - 堠 ࠠ   -  . 蠠 堠 頠 蠠 , ࠠ  .

ʠ 렠 堠 ʠ 頠 蠠 12.10.1917

. 蠠 젠 堠 蠠 ⠠ ꠠ 頠 堠 -

頠  ,  堠 젠  堠 蠠 ⠠ . 렠 -

頠 ʠ 蠠  -

.    ⠠ 蠠 .., .., ..-

, .., .. . 頠 렠 ⠠ ⠠ ʠ 蠠 렠  젠 . 蠠 -

蠠 頠 , 蠠  , , , . 젠 ʠ 렠 ꠠ .. .

堠 堠 ࠠ .

ʠ 렠 ⠠ 堠 , 堠 -

, ࠠ ⠠ . Ѡ ࠠ   10.11. 1917 . 렠 184 ࠠ ⠠ 堠 , 85 - 堠 蠠 蠠 72 ࠠ 蠠 ⠠ . -

.   ⠠ ʠ :

- ࠠ 젠 젠 頠 , , , 堠  蠠

ʠ 蠠 .

4

- 堠 堠 .

- 蠠 젠 堠 蠠 蠠 , , , -

.

- 蠠 頠 蠠 . 堠 堠 砠 堠

 .

頠 頠 蠠 堠 -蠠 ʠ 렠 蠠 .  

頠 堠 ⠠ 蠠 頠 . ʻ

14.10.1917 .  蠠 , 렠 ࠠ - : 1) , 2) , 3) , 4) 堠 , 5) -

頠 , 6) , 7) . 堠 蠠 蠠 堠 . , 29.10.1917 . 렠 頠 , ⠠ 蠠  堠 ࠠ 蠠 . 젠 렠 렠 , -

頠 . ࠠ ,

 堠 頠 ⠠ , 蠠 -

 ⠠ 蠠 ⠠ . 蠠 蠠 蠠 렠 , -

頠 , .   蠠 1917 . -

ʠ 蠠 ⠠ 堠 . 蠠 蠠 ࠠ  頠 , ,  蠠 頠 蠠 蠠  .

21.11.1917 .  .. 젠 ʠ  堠 頠 ⠠ 堠 5 -. 堠 젠 젠 堠 -

頠 堠 . ʠ 렠 蠠 蠠 -

堠 . , ⠠ 1917 . 젠   10 ⠠ 50 . ʠ

13 頠 ⠠ .   ʠ 蠠 堠 ᠠ , 頠 ᠠ ,  ⠠ 蠠 蠠 -

蠠 , ࠠ 蠠 , 頠 .

ʠ 堠 ࠠ ࠠ  젠 -

, 젠 젠 젠 蠠 蠠 .

ࠠ 堠  堠 頠 蠠

 ࠠ  . ʠ ࠠ  젠 - 렠 . 蠠 :

- 堠   ࠠ (

, ࠠ ⠠ ..),

- 堠 ࠠ 蠠 蠠 ,

- ࠠ  , 蠠 , , ࠠ -  ࠠ 蠠 ..

頠 砠 ʠ  堠 -

. ʠ 렠 堠

5

, 렠 蠠 렠 堠 ⠠ 頠 , 頠 , - 젠  , 頠 頠 ..

ʠ , , 頠 頠 (堠 蠠 ), 砠 堠 堠 ⠠ 蠠 蠠 蠠 蠠 堠 頠 -

. 頠 렠 頠 頠

 . ʠ 렠 ,    -

頠 蠠 堠 .

頠 頠 堠

:  堠 ʠ 堠 ⠠ ;

 蠠 蠠  , , , 蠠 - 蠠 ,  堠 蠠 蠠 . , ..頠

젠 頠 . .. , 堠 - ʠ 砠 ࠠ  ࠠ ⠠    ࠠ ⠠ 蠠 . .. ,  堠 -

蠠 ʠ 砠 ࠠ  ࠠ 렠 ⠠

ʠ 堠 蠠 頠 頠 蠠 蠠  ࠠ ⠠ 堠 頠 . -

.. : ⠠  ࠠ 젠 ⠠ 堠 蠠 ⠠ 砠 ꠠ ,

ʠ  ⠠ 렠 젠 젠 -

ࠠ ⠠ 頠 . 젠 렠 II -

󠠠 . 頠 13 蠠 , 젠 렠 젠 , 堠  ,

蠠  頠 .   ࠠ  ࠠ 頠 젠 렠

 ࠠ . , 頠 蠠 -

,  堠  

젠 .  .

蠠 2- ʠ - 12 5 1917 .

 ࠠ 3 .

1) 12.10. 25.10. 1917 . ʠ 蠠 蠠 -   .

2) 10 ࠠ 25.10.  II  ࠠ

5 . ࠠ 26 1917 .   䠠 ʠ 렠 젠 -

젠 젠 蠠 蠠 . Ѡ  蠠 -

젠 .

3) 26.10. 5.12. 1917 . 蠠 堠 蠠 蠠 - ʠ 蠠 , 堠 堠 蠠  -

. 蠠  ʠ 렠 -  , ʠ 蠠

⠠ 蠠 .

 젠 ࠠ ʠ , ⠠ -

6

ʠ 蠠  頠 5.12. 1917 .

, 렠 堠 , 堠 , - , 젠 ʠ . Π 蠠 ʠ - ꠠ  , ꠠ ,  젠 렠 蠠 . Π 蠠 ʠ 蠠  , 堠 蠠  - , ʠ 렠  . 堠 - ࠠ ʠ ꠠ 頠 .

蠠  ࠠ 蠠 -

 ࠠ ⠠ 蠠 렠 II 頠 䠠 -

蠠 , 頠 ⠠ 22 . 40

25.10.1917 . ʠ ࠠ  560 ,  蠠 - 517, 蠠  250 , 7 ,

3 1 .   

2 : 蠠 - 蠠 頠 . 蠠 堠 堠 - 蠠 蠠 ⠠ ࠠ : 100, - 26, - 15, - 12, 頠 9,

5, 蠠 3 .  ࠠ ⠠ ࠠ . 蠠 ⠠ 頠 , ⠠ ⠠ 蠠  .

젠 堠 , 젠 , - 蠠 ꠠ 젠 젠 蠠 , 䠠 ⠠ 蠠 - , 堠   蠠   ⠠ 堠 . 䠠 ,  ࠠ 򠠠 ꠠ 젠 蠠 . 젠 , 䠠 - 蠠 렠 ࠠ ⠠ 堠 蠠 . 렠 頠 ⠠  .

렠 2 : Π 唠 Π .   堠 Π

젠 젠 蠠 젠 -

  , 젠 , 蠠 -

. 䠠 렠 頠 頠 -

頠 蠠 ⠠ 䠠 , 101 .

젠 젠 ʠ 렠 ꠠ .. , 8.11.17  젠 ... 蠠 ʠ 蠠 : , , ,  -

, ,   蠠 . 젠 젠  , 頠 렠 頠 .   젠 ⠠ ʠ . 젠 15.11. 17. 堠 , 젠 , -

젠 ࠠ 젠 젠 젠 .

堠 堠 ʠ 蠠  ࠠ 蠠 ⠠   , , 堠 II 젠 젠 ⠠ 蠠 -

, 蠠 젠 , 頠 . 堠  -   蠠 頠 . ʠ 렠

7

ᠠ 蠠 . : 堠  ; 堠 -

蠠 頠 ; -

ࠠ .

II 頠 䠠 ⠠ 렠 - ,  ࠠ  , 堠 堠 蠠 堠 , 堠 젠 ⠠ (). 堠 蠠 ⠠ ⠠ . -  렠 ...  ⠠ 렠  - . 젠  젠 젠 렠 .., 젠 -

.. , 젠 _ .., 젠 -  .., 젠  젠 蠠

- .., 젠 - .. - -

, 젠  젠 - .. ( ), -

젠 - .⠠ ( .. ), 젠  젠 - - .. , 젠 蠠 - .. ⠠ ( . ), 젠 ࠠ  - .. -

.  젠 蠠 젠 젠 蠠 .. , . 蠠 . . 堠 ࠠ ⠠ -

젠 젠 ⠠ ⠠ 蠠 -

젠 . 堠 ࠠ Ġ -

1918 . 4.11.17 . ʠ 렠

ࠠ ⠠ 堠 ʠ , 렠 ʠ  堠 ⠠

 ࠠ , ʠ . 堠 - 頠 ⠠ 렠 ࠠ , - 젠 . 堠 堠 - ⠠ 堠 蠠 . 堠 蠠 ⠠ ⠠ ʠ   .   堠 1918 . 蠠 蠠 砠 -

ࠠ , ⠠ . Ѡ 1917 . ⠠ ʠ

, 堠 蠠 젠 .

23.10.1917 .  ⠠ 堠 頠 Ġ Π 頠 , 頠 렠 젠 젠 - 蠠 ⠠ . ࠠ ࠠ ⠠ 蠠 ࠠ 蠠 . -

堠 蠠 堠 蠠 蠠 頠 -

蠠 ⠠ 蠠 堠 蠠 蠠 .

堠  堠  ࠠ ꠠ 蠠 -  ? 堠 - . 蠠 ,   ࠠ ᠠ 蠠 - 蠠  ࠠ 堠 , ࠠ - .堠 堠 蠠  - ࠠ 蠠 蠠 젠 , ࠠ 堠 蠠  頠 蠠 - .

⠠ 頠  .. . -

8

, 頠 頠 蠠 렠

堠   .   , ࠠ   ꠠ 頠 , ࠠ . , - 頠 ꠠ 頠 , 蠠 - 蠠 , 堠 蠠  . 젠 ࠠ ࠠ 蠠 蠠 -  . ࠠ  頠 ,  렠 , 頠 .  ࠠ 頠 蠠 렠  젠  .

堠 Ġ Π 頠 軠 28.10. 1917 . -  젠 蠠 ⠠ , .. 頠 .   蠠 ⠠ 蠠  ,

ʠ 3.01.1917 ., ࠠ 12.01. 1918 . III 젠 젠 -

,   ,  ⠠ -

蠠 ࠠ 蠠 堠 -

, 堠 頠 蠠 蠠 蠠 堠 -

堠 .  堠  蠠   堠 蠠 蠠 ⠠ 頠 蠠 堠 ⠠ 頠 .

ࠠ 蠠 蠠 - . 堠  蠠 蠠 -

堠 . 蠠 ࠠ  -

頠 , 젠 .

蠠 , - . , ⠠ 堠 렠 頠 ,

頠 , - . 젠 堠 ⠠ 렠 ࠠ 6 ⠠ 蠠

젠 砠  堠 . -

堠 ࠠ , 젠 . ࠠ ࠠ

, ⠠ 蠠 頠 . 

ࠠ  堠 , ࠠ 蠠 ,

ࠠ  .

ࠠ 젠 砠 ⠠ ,

堠 . ࠠ ࠠ

 堠  , 堠

⠠ , ⠠ 堠 , ⠠ 蠠 -

蠠 ⠠ 頠 , ⠠ 蠠 ⠠ ⠠ .

堠 ⠠ , 堠 ⠠ ,

 ꠠ 蠠 ⠠ 蠠 . 蠠

蠠 堠 : 頠 , 頠 , 頠 , 䠠 頠 蠠 蠠 .. ʠ Π , 頠 蠠 젠  堠 1. ࠠ

9

젠 ⠠ 堠  ⠠ . 젠 젠 堠 : , 堠 , - 頠 , , , . . : , 頠 , .

: 堠 , 堠 - 蠠 ⠠ 堠  蠠 蠠 ⠠ .

蠠 堠 ࠠ 頠 ࠠ  3000 . 蠠 -

젠 堠 堠 2 - . , 頠 堠 蠠 -

堠 堠 ⠠ 堠  蠠 6 -

. 堠 蠠 蠠 ࠠ -

: 1).

2). 蠠 ⠠ - 堠 .

堠 蠠 蠠 ࠠ 蠠 -

⠠ , 蠠 .

蠠 堠 蠠 蠠 頠 蠠

蠠 ࠠ . 堠

蠠 蠠 .   堠 - 蠠 堠 堠 . ꠠ 堠 - 堠 堠 蠠 蠠 堠 ࠠ

 ? 렠  堠

ࠠ , ⠠ 젠 젠 頠 -

堠 堠 . ࠠ  , -

젠 젠 , 蠠 堠 -

.   堠 頠 蠠 ⠠  젠 , - 젠  蠠  , ࠠ  젠 - , 堠 堠 堠  . 堠 蠠 ࠠ 젠 頠 蠠 蠠 -

⠠ 蠠 蠠 -

⠠ ⠠ , 蠠 頠 蠠 堠 -

. 蠠 堠 - , 堠 젠 ʠ , ..

蠠 Ϡ 蠠 . 堠 ⠠ - ࠠ 堠  堠 .

堠 , 堠 堠 蠠 堠 - 蠠 堠  젠 . ࠠ 頠 ꠠ 蠠 堠 , 堠 - , 頠 ꠠ , -, .. 蠠 .

젠 젠   ࠠ - , 堠 ޠ 蠠 ⠠ ʠ 蠠  ࠠ 蠠 -

28.11.1917 .

10

19.12. 1917 . ޠ 젠 - .   ⠠ 堠 - , . Ѡ 1917 . 蠠 

1918 . 蠠 堠 蠠 ⠠ 堠 3

砠 .

7.03.1918 . Π 唠 (2), 頠 - 堠 ,   . 蠠 蠠 堠 堠 蠠 蠠 . -  젠 젠 堠 蠠 ⠠ 3 - ⠠ ࠠ 蠠 ,

 젠 - ⠠ 堠 12 頠 蠠 -   ࠠ .  .   頠 堠 ࠠ .

堠 堠  , 젠  , 蠠 堠 蠠 3 , - . 蠠 , ꠠ 堠 , ꠠ 蠠 .

  堠 1918 . 렠 蠠 ʠ 頠 렠 ࠠ , 堠 .   堠 1918 . 頠 렠 蠠 , 頠 堠 蠠 ࠠ -, 蠠 蠠

⠠ . Ѡ 젠 ⠠ ⠠ -

蠠 젠 ʠ Π 1918 . 렠 蠠 蠠 堠 堠 ࠠ 堠 蠠 .  . 蠠 ⠠ : , , 蠠 - . 蠠 젠 堠 頠 ⠠ 堠 堠 3- , .

Π 廠 1 ⠠ 堠 蠠 蠠 - 蠠 2 : ࠠ ⠠ 蠠 ࠠ , ࠠ . ࠠ - .

ࠠ ⠠ 렠 . ࠠ 䠠 1917 .  1918 .

Р .   堠 ,

蠠 ࠠ 頠 蠠 蠠 蠠 堠 , 젠 ࠠ 堠  頠 ,  蠠 堠 堠 蠠 堠 堠 - .

ࠠ ⠠ ࠠ - 堠 堠 .  - 頠 頠 ,  -

11

, .. 젠 젠

⠠ 砠 , ⠠ 堠 ⠠ . ⠠ 蠠 Р 1918 . 렠 堠 . 49

ࠠ ꠠ ࠠ ⠠ 蠠 ࠠ 蠠 .

蠠 ࠠ 頠 , 頠 栠 - , ꠠ 蠠 .. 蠠  - 蠠  ࠠ 頠 . 21.11.1917 . - 젠  ʠ  堠 .  5.12.1917 . 頠 ʠ 蠠 堠 -

蠠 . 7.12.1917 . ʠ 렠

 堠 頠 蠠 (). 蠠 .   젠 蠠 ʠ 堠 -

 堠 ,  堠 堠 蠠 蠠 - .  堠 ࠠ  ᠠ 頠 - 堠 .

ࠠ 蠠 ʠ . 堠 ʠ 렠 堠 . ࠠ 렠 ..

ࠠ 蠠 ʠ 7.12. 1917 . ʠ 렠 頠 .

蠠 堠 ʠ ࠠ . 堠 ⠠ ʠ 蠠

3 : , , 蠠 -

頠 蠠 . 젠 ʠ ⠠ 堠 5 : , 2 頠 2 . 11.12.1917 .  頠 -  .

18.03.1918 . 젠 ʠ 렠 堠  蠠 - . 렠  蠠  蠠

  젠 砠 頠 .   蠠 젠 ʠ 렠 頠 렠 ࠠ 堠   , 頠  蠠 . 蠠 :

頠 . ࠠ ࠠ ⠠ 頠 -

. : 堠 , 堠 ᠠ  , ⠠ 堠 ; 렠  ࠠ . ʠ 렠 ࠠ ʠ  頠 ࠠ - 젠 . 蠠 頠 렠 ʠ

堠 , .. ʠ ࠠ - .

ʠ 蠠 堠 .  頠 1917 . 蠠 堠 , 堠 蠠 . ʠ 1918 . 

40 蠠 365 . 蠠 젠 , 젠 , ࠠ .. 蠠 , ⠠ 頠 堠

.   蠠 .

젠 ࠠ .

12

21.12 1917 . ʠ 렠 ࠠ ʠ 젠 - - , 蠠 ࠠ . ʠ , 젠 蠠 젠 -

,  ⠠ - . ..,  ⠠ ʠ 蠠 頠 . - 堠 蠠 . ⠠ 렠 .  堠 - 堠   젠 , ࠠ ⠠ - 젠 ⠠ 蠠 젠 21.02. 1918 . 蠠 ʠ 堠 軠 ,  堠 - 蠠 .  堠  ʠ 젠

렠 젠 頠 . ʠ 젠 . 젠

⠠ , ꠠ ꠠ ࠠ , 蠠 堠 , 堠 堠 . 堠 堠 ,

堠 ࠠ , . ʠ 蠠  , 蠠 蠠 堠 - 蠠 , .. , , .., 堠 蠠 .

?

堠 蠠 頠 , -

頠 , , 頠 ࠠ .

1).堠  頠 .

2).렠 蠠 頠 . II 頠 䠠 ⠠ 蠠 ⠠ 26.10.1917 . 렠 젠 -

젠 堠 堠 . 堠 蠠 젠 . - II  , 堠 蠠 ⠠ .   堠 ʠ  젠 堠 ᠠ 蠠 蠠 ⠠ 軠 16.12.1917 . ,  . ࠠ ⠠ 頠 蠠 ࠠ 젠 젠 蠠 .

3). 蠠 ࠠ ࠠ 蠠 ꠠ -

, 頠 頠 . 15.01.1918 . ʠ Π - 頠 . - ࠠ :

) ࠠ ࠠ 젠 堠 蠠 ⠠ .

) ࠠ 堠 . ⠠ 蠠 - ⠠ 蠠 , ࠠ - 堠 頠 , 蠠 .

젠 젠 젠 -頠

, ࠠ 堠  蠠 堠 頠  -

13

 ⠠ 堠 젠 젠 蠠 頠 蠠 젠 -

頠 . 29.01. 1918 . ʠ 렠  蠠 - -   ࠠ ࠠ .. ,  蠠 .   蠠 .

頠 1918 . ࠠ ⠠ 堠 ,

. 젠 ʠ 22.04.1918 . - , .. 堠 ࠠ - 堠 . 蠠 ࠠ 堠 ⠠ 堠 18 40 , 堠  . 렠 㠠 ꠠ 蠠 ⠠ ꠠ . 堠 ࠠ 堠 蠠 堠 蠠 ࠠ .   蠠 , 頠 10.17.1918 ., - 堠  蠠 .  堠  젠 ⠠ - ࠠ -  , ⠠ 堠 .

堠 蠠 蠠 .

 

ࠠ  蠠 堠   -

ࠠ ࠠ 蠠 蠠 蠠  - .  젠 젠 蠠 堠 - , 頠 , , Ġ 蠠 . .

II 頠 䠠 ⠠ -

렠  堠 頠 蠠 ࠠ ꠠ 젠 , - 蠠 , 젠  - 蠠 ⠠ ⠠ 蠠 . .. 렠  蠠 ⠠ ࠠ . .., ,  - ࠠ 蠠  ࠠ . 젠 ʠ 10.11.1917 . 蠠 - 蠠 堠 蠠 .

ꠠ . 堠 ࠠ ⠠ 90 . . 蠠 .   젠 28.10. 1917 . 堠 蠠 ⠠

蠠 堠 , ,

,  , 頠 .

 蠠 -

. 堠 - , .   Ġ  젠

14

蠠 Ġ Π , ,  , - ⠠ 蠠 蠠 蠠 - . ࠠ 蠠 - , , - , , , . ࠠ - ⠠ ⠠ 蠠 頠 -

頠 . 蠠 젠 . - 頠 頠 , ࠠ 頠 堠 ⠠ 蠠

. 堠 蠠 蠠 - , , 堠 , -

. Π 蠠 蠠 頠 頠 . -堠 ࠠ . 젠 .

堠 .

27.10.1917 . ʠ ࠠ 젠 젠 렠 蠠 堠 堠 頠 12.1917 .

12.11. 1917 .,  , 젠 , 蠠 젠 젠 ꠠ , -

⠠ 2 젠 ꠠ . , 堠 蠠 .   堠 - 젠 蠠 . 堠

. , , ⠠  -

, - 44 443 .   715 , 703. ⠠ 229, 39 , 젠 412, 30 . ⠠

168 183. 20.12. 1917 . ʠ 렠 堠 -

5.01.1918 . 堠 ࠠ  3.01.1918 . ʠ 렠 , 堠 ,  - 젠 蠠 젠 蠠 ࠠ - 蠠 頠 蠠 ꠠ - 堠 蠠  - 頠 .   .. , 堠 ʠ 렠

⠠ 蠠  .

堠 堠  5.01.1918 . ⠠ -

젠 .  410 . - 렠 ..,  244

. ..⠠ ⠠ 蠠 -  ໠ 蠠 렠 , .. -

蠠 堠 堠 : , , .., .. . 堠 堠  堠 . -

蠠 蠠 . 䠠 젠 ⠠ 堠 -  堠 ,  ⠠ 堠 蠠  ʠ .   5 頠 ..⠠ 렠 ..

15

, : 렠 . 6.01.1918 . 4.40.

ࠠ 堠 堠  .

6.01.1918 . ʠ 렠 Π 堠  - . 18.01.1918 . ʠ 렠 , 젠 렠 砠 堠 ⠠ 蠠 ࠠ 堠 .

10.01.1918 . III 頠 䠠 ⠠ 蠠 , ࠠ 젠  710 . 13.01.

1918 . 렠 III 頠 䠠 -

. 蠠 ⠠ 堠 頠 頠 ,   . 䠠 렠 ꠠ -  蠠 렠  蠠 ࠠ 堠 . ..   ⠠ 蠠  .

ࠠ 堠 ࠠ ࠠ ⠠ 蠠 -

 , 젠 . .. -

ࠠ Π 頠 ,

 頠 ࠠ ࠠ 堠  ࠠ ⠠ 蠠 ꠠ - ꠠ . 䠠 .. 렠 Π 蠠 , 頠 ࠠ 堠 II  Π .

2.  ࠠ ⠠ 蠠 .

ࠠ 堠 ⠠ 頠 - . 렠 Π , 

ࠠ  砠  . 蠠 , .. 堠 , 堠 蠠  젠 젠 蠠 젠 , 蠠 蠠 蠠 ⠠ 堠 ⠠ 蠠 ⠠ ⠠   . 蠠 蠠 頠 젠 -

젠 , 젠 ࠠ 蠠 242 - ⠠ 頠 頠  ࠠ ⠠ 蠠 頠 ⠠ 堠 88 頠 19.08.1917 .   廠 堠 :

--  頠 蠠 ࠠ . ࠠ , , ࠠ ⠠ ⠠ .

--  堠 堠 蠠 ࠠ ⠠ -

堠 ࠠ . 堠 堠 , .. 蠠 , 堠 堠 , 蠠 ⠠ - 堠 堠 . 堠 , , ࠠ 蠠 堠 .

-- 堠 蠠 蠠 , -

16

 

, .. - , ⠠ -

堠 蠠 ⠠ 堠 堠 ࠠ 蠠 -

, 蠠 ࠠ 蠠 蠠 .

--  頠 蠠 堠 堠 砠 ,

堠 堠 젠 . 頠 䠠 堠 .

--  頠 蠠 頠 .

-- 堠 ࠠ 頠 頠 .

-- 젠 堠 蠠 堠 蠠 堠 . - 頠 蠠  : , ,

, (  ).

  堠 ⠠ 堠 蠠

150 . , 頠 ⠠ - 堠 700 . . 젠 蠠 ⠠ ࠠ 堠 蠠 ⠠ - . 堠 ࠠ . 젠 렠 頠 頠 - 300 . . 堠 堠  - . ࠠ  - . 蠠 堠 : 堠 , .

頠 蠠 蠠 蠠  . 14.11.1917 . ʠ

 젠 .   , ⠠   ࠠ  , , , - , , , - . , - ࠠ , 䠠 , , - 頠 ⠠ 蠠 , 젠 , ࠠ .. 䠠 - 頠 頠 . 蠠 堠  砠 蠠 堠 .   - 젠 젠 , , 蠠 蠠 젠 堠 -  堠  ,  - 頠 . 頠 , ⠠ ⠠ 蠠 蠠 蠠 ⠠ .

 蠠 ࠠ - , 蠠 젠 蠠 , 蠠

蠠 , 蠠

, 젠 蠠 젠 -  . 堠 ⠠ 蠠 蠠 -

蠠  .

堠  젠 砠 -

17

頠 ࠠ  頠 .  堠

 .

1). ⠠ , 蠠 堠 蠠  頠 ,

堠 蠠 , 堠 蠠 , 堠

蠠 ࠠ , 蠠 頠 .

2). ⠠ 堠  , 堠 ꠠ - .

  堠 頠 蠠 堠 , 堠 蠠 堠 , 蠠 , 蠠 蠠 蠠 . - 蠠 .    ࠠ 蠠 堠 堠 堠 蠠 蠠 .

젠 젠 ⠠ 蠠 頠 ࠠ - ⠠ , ⠠ 젠

Π 蠠 ⻠ 14.12.1917 . 堠 

頠 . 堠 堠 蠠 蠠 젠 . 堠

. 堠 蠠 堠 ,

蠠 ꠠ , ꠠ 堠 . 頠 㠠 ࠠ 렠 16 . . 젠 젠 -  ⠠ 60 . .

蠠  ࠠ 蠠 ⠠  ʠ 蠠 ʠ 2.12.1917. 頠 -

 ࠠ 蠠 . 렠 堠 - 蠠 頠 蠠 . ՠ -

렠 蠠 렠 蠠 , , , , , -

, , , .

 , , 蠠 -

頠 ⠠ 蠠 , . 堠  ࠠ

,  . ՠ -

렠 蠠 蠠  頠 . 堠 ࠠ 蠠 蠠 -

ՠ 堠 堠 ࠠ 蠠 - .

堠 1918 . 렠 頠 蠠 頠 .   堠 1918 . . ʠ -

렠 젠  堠 -

, 堠 , , ⠠ .

젠 頠 蠠 ⠠ 堠 蠠 頠 -

頠 頠 頠 1918 .  -

 .

18

젠 ʠ 9.05.1918 . 蠠 頠 頠 蠠 蠠 .   堠 ,  頠 ࠠ 렠 , ,   , ꠠ 堠 ⠠ 頠 ꠠ 堠  蠠 頠 . 堠 堠 ᠠ 蠠 , 蠠 ࠠ ꠠ 堠 堠 10  頠 - ࠠ 蠠 砠 .

堠 蠠 蠠  -

堠 ࠠ , . 蠠 ࠠ 젠  : 12 ⠠ , 1

ࠠ 䠠 ..  ᠠ 젠 蠠 렠 . 堠 렠  ࠠ ⠠ .

11.01.1919 . ʠ 頠  頠 ,  堠 ࠠ 蠠 , - 堠 , ᠠ . 젠 蠠 - 堠  , 栠 蠠  . 堠 堠   ࠠ . 堠 - 堠 ᠠ , ,  堠 ࠠ ꠠ 堠 ꠠ 蠠 . 蠠 蠠 堠 . 蠠 ⠠ 1917 1918 .    30 . ⠠ ,  1918 1919 . - 110 . , 1919 1920 . - 260 . .

䠠 蠠  ໠ 頠

蠠 堠  , 蠠 頠 蠠 堠 頠 - .   1918 . 頠 - 頠 , . 28.06.1918 . ʠ 頠 , 蠠 , , , , . , .. 頠  蠠 頠  . 蠠 - . 젠 ՠ 堠 堠 ,  蠠 蠠 , 堠  堠 5 蠠 젠 堠 렠 10 砠  , .

 堠 ⠠ . 蠠  . 堠 蠠 堠

 젠 蠠 .   堠 1920 . -

ࠠ , 堠 , , 堠 , 젠 蠠 ..

19

  . ࠠ 堠 堠 .

3. 堠  .

 

堠  ࠠ  젠 .   1918 1919 . ࠠ - 젠 . 젠 ⠠ 蠠 - 頠 , , , ࠠ 1919 . - 젠 . 蠠 堠 堠 堠 . - 蠠 蠠 蠠 蠠 堠 .   堠 ⠠ ⠠ ⠠ 蠠 堠 堠 蠠 ; 蠠 젠  . ࠠ ࠠ 堠 堠 蠠 - 堠 .

-: , , , , . 堠 Р 蠠 젠 .

堠 .

  ࠠ , , , , -

, 젠 頠 蠠 堠 頠 , - 堠 蠠 蠠 ..   堠 蠠 ࠠ 頠 - 蠠 , ࠠ 젠 ,  蠠 , 䠠 . 堠 . 蠠 蠠 ⠠ 젠 ࠠ 젠 .

ʠ ᠠ 堠 렠 , ꠠ  . 堠 ࠠ -

, , , ꠠ 蠠 , -

젠 젠 . 蠠 - 堠 蠠   ࠠ  젠 젠 .  堠 堠 10 . ., -

 蠠 젠 젠

蠠 蠠 .

堠 蠠 堠 堠 堠 , , - ࠠ .. ࠠ ࠠ 10 . . - . 堠 砠 , ࠠ , 10 000 ., 堠 .

 ⠠ 1918 1919 . 蠠 蠠 .  ࠠ -

.  堠 -

ࠠ . 젠 堠 ࠠ

.

20

 

堠 .

堠   ꠠ , ࠠ ⠠ ࠠ -堠

젠 .

堠 1917 . ʠ 蠠 ʠ 2 : Π - 젠 , 蠠 㠠 ⠠ Π - 蠠 .   , 堠 , -

, , 頠 蠠 頠 ..   堠 . 頠 ꠠ 젠 젠 . 蠠 ꠠ 蠠 ⠠ . ⠠ ꠠ 堠 , , 堠 ࠠ ꠠ , , . ꠠ 렠 : 18 , 16 . ࠠ . 堠 蠠 -

蠠  ⠠ 蠠 ꠠ 頠 ꠠ , ꠠ 蠠 頠 ꠠ . 젠 蠠 ࠠ - , 堠 ᠠ 젠 . 頠 ꠠ 堠 .  蠠 ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ  .

頠 䠠   砠 ⠠ 蠠 . ,  蠠  堠 , 䠠 蠠 . 蠠 ,

,  堠 .

  堠 ʠ ᠠ 蠠 蠠 ࠠ 蠠 軠   ,    頠 : 蠠 頠 ⠠ 蠠 .

16.09. 1918 . ʠ ⠠ ᠠ -  , , , 蠠 젠 .  렠 頠 ⠠ 蠠  .   젠 堠 - 堠  ,  堠 蠠 堠 蠠 堠 20 , 蠠 .  - ࠠ 蠠 蠠 . ꠠ 堠 렠 蠠 - ࠠ . 蠠 蠠 頠  - 堠 젠 - 堠 . 㠠 렠 ࠠ 堠  , 蠠 頠 렠 ⠠ 蠠 . 堠 堠 ࠠ 堠 堠 3 ⠠  ⠠ ࠠ ࠠ - 堠 ⠠ 頠 렠 蠠 ⠠  

, , 蠠  ࠠ .   2- 頠 ,  堠 ⠠ 蠠 , 㠠

⠠ 蠠  蠠 堠 . ,

21

頠  , 렠 .. 堠 ⠠ , - 堠 蠠 ࠠ .

, 堠 ࠠ -  ⠠ , 蠠 蠠 堠 , 䠠 頠 . 蠠  - , , 蠠 - , 蠠 蠠 堠 蠠 . 堠 렠 . 蠠 蠠 .

堠 .

ꠠ 頠 . -

頠 蠠 ࠠ 堠  ⠠ .

젠 젠 젠 ࠠ  堠  - 堠 ࠠ Π 젠 젠 , - 蠠 蠠 蠠  .  堠 ࠠ , 頠  . 堠 - ⠠ 堠 蠠 堠   46 . 堠 堠 6 . 堠 ࠠ ⠠ ࠠ 蠠 蠠 堠 堠 1 . 頠 䠠 蠠 ⠠  16 . 堠 ꠠ 堠  , 堠 堠 14 . , 堠 18 , 堠   6 . 蠠 頠 頠 堠  蠠  ࠠ - ⠠ 42 . 蠠 ⠠ - 堠  . ʠ 젠 젠 蠠 蠠 18 堠 . 堠 ⠠ 젠 , 蠠 蠠  18 . 젠 堠 - .

⠠ 蠠  , ࠠ , ⠠ ⠠ . ࠠ ࠠ ⠠ Р 1918 .

ࠠ 䠠 蠠 蠠 ࠠ : 堠 ࠠ 堠 .

堠  .   堠 ࠠ . 頠 蠠 . 젠 -

  . 젠 ʠ 14.06.1918 . 堠 堠 ࠠ 젠 蠠 , -

젠 ࠠ 젠 蠠 젠 蠠 堠 堠 6 .

堠 1918 . ⠠ 堠 ( ).   蠠 堠 堠 ⠠  .

렠 137 , 堠 蠠 9 :

*  頠 , *  ࠠ 堠 ,

* ꠠ , *  젠 ,

22

*  堠 蠠 , *  蠠 ࠠ ,

* 젠 , * ᠠ 堠 ,

* ᠠ 蠠 頠 蠠 .

堠   5 :

* ࠠ  堠 ,

*  堠 頠  ,

*  蠠 堠 젠 ,

*  ;

*  젠 堠 蠠 .

Ҡ 렠 ꠠ ࠠ , ꠠ 蠠 ࠠ -

. 16  50 . 렠 堠 堠 , 젠 -

堠 ⠠ 蠠 , - ࠠ 蠠 .. 렠 堠 堠 - 젠 젠 砠 ⠠ .  ⠠ - 頠 蠠 頠 蠠 - Ҡ 堠 蠠 .

堠 .

堠 ࠠ 堠 堠 , 堠 堠 ꠠ . ʠ 1918 .  -  17 ⠠ 蠠 15 ⠠ ᠠ - , ꠠ 1918 .   40 蠠 69. 堠 堠   堠 - 蠠 .

젠 젠 젠 젠  ࠠ ⠠ -

蠠 ࠠ  堠 II  ࠠ - ⠠ ᠠ 堠 頠 ,  젠 ࠠ 堠 .  16.06.1918 . - ꠠ 堠 .

ޠ 젠 젠 19.12.1917 . - ࠠ  堠 1  蠠 - ,  젠 蠠 ࠠ , - ⠠ 蠠 , - 堠 堠 , , , - 堠 蠠 堠 ࠠ ⠠  , , , ..; 堠 , , - 頠 . 頠 , 蠠 ⠠  堠 ࠠ 堠  - ; 堠 . ࠠ ࠠ 頠 蠠  ࠠ ⠠ 蠠 , - . ࠠ - 蠠 : , 堠 , 堠 砠 , 頠 蠠 ⠠ 頠 , 堠  , 堠  젠 -

23

, 堠  蠠 , ( ) , 堠 ꠠ - 젠 젠 .

堠 堠 蠠 蠠 堠 : 頠 , 堠  , - 젠 堠 堠 蠠   , 蠠 , 堠 , -

蠠 ࠠ ࠠ 蠠 堠  砠 - , ⠠ 頠 蠠 - ࠠ , 堠 , 堠 砠 ⠠ , 頠 蠠 ⠠ 頠 .

蠠 젠 蠠 ⠠ 堠 16.06.1918 .  -

 堠 , 堠 堠 젠 頠 .

1919 . ޠ 렠 頠  頠 蠠 -  , 頠 , .. 蠠 . 堠 ࠠ  - л 蠠 ⠠ 堠 . 堠 蠠 堠 8 :

* ᠠ 젠 , * 젠 ,

* 蠠 蠠 , * -

,

* ᠠ 젠 , *  , *  ,

* 堠 頠  .

 蠠 ࠠ ࠠ 頠 蠠  , -

, ꠠ 蠠 頠 ,  . 堠   젠 젠 堠 , 蠠 ࠠ -

頠   ࠠ () 젠 蠠 (). - 堠  ,  堠 蠠 - 蠠 蠠 蠠 . 堠 ꠠ 堠 , 젠 . 堠 ꠠ ࠠ  , - 젠 頠 堠  ࠠ - 頠 頠 (). ࠠ - ꠠ ࠠ  ࠠ -  堠 蠠 ࠠ 堠  蠠 - , ꠠ  , ꠠ 蠠 . , .. ࠠ  . 蠠 蠠 䠠 렠 蠠 蠠 ࠠ ꠠ  , ꠠ 蠠 젠 . - , 堠 蠠 젠 蠠 蠠 .

ࠠ 14 . - 堠  . 蠠 蠠 , -

24

堠 堠 ⠠ 蠠 頠 .   젠 - 堠 堠 : , 堠 -  , , 堠 ꠠ .. 렠 頠 頠 . 堠 ࠠ 堠 蠠 頠 , 堠 蠠 堠 .

ꠠ 젠 堠 堠 蠠 젠 蠠  젠 蠠 ⠠  , ࠠ  堠  .

堠  Р  ࠠ 젠 堠 - 蠠 ⠠ 蠠 ꠠ 堠 , ꠠ 蠠 , 堠 蠠 , .. ⠠ 蠠 Р - , ࠠ 蠠  , ࠠ 蠠 ⠠ 堠 蠠 ⠠ .

4. Р 1918 .

 蠠 Р 1918 . 堠  - 頠 䠠 , 堠 . II - 頠 䠠 ⠠ 렠 䠠 頠 蠠 ⠠ 蠠 ⠠ ꠠ , ࠠ .  蠠 , 頠 젠 ⠠ . 䠠 렠 .. Π , Π , 堠

蠠 蠠 ⠠ . 2.12.1917 . ࠠ ࠠ ⠠ ⠠ ,  - 頠 . 젠 -

. 1.12.1917 . . 14.12.1917 . - . 15.01.1918 . .

, , 蠠 ⠠ , 頠 蠠 頠   堠 - .

堠  頠 蠠 蠠

III 젠 젠 , 젠 ʠ

蠠 ,  堠 堠  - ..  堠 堠 頠 .

IV 頠 䠠 ⠠ 렠 , ⠠ 頠 頠 .

III 頠 䠠 렠 堠 - 堠 堠 蠠 蠠 ࠠ . :

-- ⠠ 蠠  .

-- Π 頠 .

堠  ࠠ 蠠 ꠠ ࠠ . 30.03.1918 . ʠ ()

25

렠 堠  蠠 蠠 蠠 . -

堠 ⠠    ... 堠 1.01.1918 . ࠠ .   蠠   蠠

: .., .., ..,

.. .., -

... 젠 .   蠠 .. 蠠 : 젠 , ,  젠 , , . - 렠 ... 蠠 -

ʔ, ࠠ 堠 ⠠ - ⠠ .

10.07.1918 . V 頠 䠠 ⠠ 렠 . 19.07.1918 . ࠠ ʻ

Р ࠠ ⠠ .

Р 1918 . ࠠ 砠 6 :

1. ⠠  ;

2. 頠 頠 - 頠 ;

3. 頠 ;

4. 堠 堠 ;

5. 堠 ;

6. Π 蠠 堠 頠 頠 頠

.

, -

蠠 ; ࠠ ⠠ 堠 -

蠠 ( 1 , 9).   頠 蠠 堠  ࠠ ⠠ 蠠 : , -

, , , ; 堠  蠠 ՠ ꠠ ⠠ ꠠ 蠠 , , , ; - 堠 ,  ( . 3 ). ࠠ 頠   ࠠ Р ( .11 ).

렠 頠 頠 軠 - 蠠 蠠 蠠 蠠 ⠠ 蠠 蠠 - .   蠠 蠠   ࠠ 렠   . 젠 젠 蠠 ⠠ 堠 頠 䠠 , ࠠ - 䠠 - . ʠ 렠 - ⠠  . ࠠ - , 蠠 .

ࠠ , , , -

젠 젠 ; 젠 蠠 젠 , 堠 蠠 堠 .

26

ࠠ , , -

,  . 堠 堠 : 蠠 蠠 ⠠ 頠 ; ࠠ , , , , ࠠ . ࠠ , 堠 蠠 堠 廠 (. 17 ). 堠 ࠠ ࠠ -  頠 蠠 頠 軠 ( . 22 ). ࠠ   ࠠ 젠 , 젠 ࠠ 蠠 - . ( . 21 ).   ࠠ - 頠 蠠 ࠠ 蠠 - ࠠ , ࠠ ࠠ 頠 蠠 頠 ࠠ 蠠 . ࠠ 堠 , 堠 ⠠ . ⠠ 頠 ࠠ ࠠ , , 堠 .

堠 ࠠ . -

堠 蠠 , .. - . 蠠 頠 頠 - 頠  蠠 ⠠ ,  頠 頠 ⠠ .

ࠠ  ,  蠠 ,

䠠 蠠 ⠠ : 堠 ࠠ 堠 . ࠠ -

 . 젠 堠  -

젠 ⠠  ; ࠠ 堠 堠 -

堠 .

堠 蠠  蠠 䠠 .    ࠠ ⠠ 頠 , 頠 .

 堠 , 堠 蠠 , 蠠 , . 젠 蠠 蠠 ⠠ -

, 堠  ⠠ 18 , - , , , 蠠 .. 젠 젠 蠠 . 蠠 蠠  -  .

ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ 頠 䠠 - ࠠ ꠠ : 堠 蠠 ࠠ , - 堠 堠 , 堠 ࠠ ࠠ , 堠 (. 3 ).

頠 蠠 頠 - . ࠠ ࠠ 堠 ࠠ 堠 - 頠 .

27

ࠠ 蠠 .

頠 򠠠  .

 

ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ .

20:

堠 ⠠  .

 

1918 .

蠠 頠

: ⠠ ..

:

堠  ࠠ 蠠 3

1. 젠  蠠 堠   .3

堠 蠠 蠠 .14

堠 充15

2.  ࠠ ⠠ 蠠 腅16

3. 堠  ..20

堠 .20

堠 ..21

堠 22

堠 .23

4. Р 1918 ..25

ꠠ 頠 :

 

ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ . . . . 1997 .

ࠠ ࠠ . 䠠 . . . . 1998 .

ꠠ  蠠 ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ . ... . . 1999 .

堠  蠠 . . -̻. 1997.

. . .. . . . 1998 .

л. .. II 1997 .


2012 , , .